Article 12 of the Basic Law – Art 12 GG
Article 12 of the Basic Law regulates the right to free choice of profession in Germany. This article guarantees citizens the right to freely choose and exercise their profession. It protects against state restrictions that could prohibit or hinder the exercise of a particular profession. The right to freely choose one’s profession is an important part of the German constitution and contributes to individual freedom and self-determination.
Article 12 of the Basic Law ensures that no one is disadvantaged on the basis of their origin, gender, race, language or political or religious beliefs. This means that all citizens should have equal opportunities to pursue the profession of their choice, regardless of personal characteristics.
The right to free choice of profession also includes the right to job-related training and qualifications. Everyone has the right to develop professionally and learn new skills. The state has the task of promoting vocational training and qualifications and ensuring that all citizens are offered equal educational opportunities.
- However, restrictions on the right to exercise the profession may be justified under certain circumstances. For example, the state may impose certain requirements for professional licensing in order to ensure quality and safety in certain professions. However, such restrictions must be proportionate and objectively justified.
- Professionals also have the right to protection from improper professional licensing. This means that professional associations or state regulatory authorities may not arbitrarily refuse or impede admission to a particular profession. Admission to a profession should be based on transparent and objective criteria.
|Right to state support in the event of unemployment
|Equal treatment in the exercise of the profession
|Right to state support in the event of unemployment
|Equal treatment in the exercise of the profession
The fundamental right to free choice of profession is an important and basic right in Germany. It protects individual freedom and enables citizens to make full use of their professional skills and talents. Article 12 of the Basic Law guarantees that every citizen has equal opportunities to pursue the profession of his or her choice, regardless of personal characteristics. It is an important element of a free and democratic society.
Free choice of profession
The free choice of profession is a fundamental right enshrined in Article 12 of the German Basic Law (GG). This fundamental right states that every person in Germany has the right to freely choose and practice their profession. It is an important component of a democratic society and enables individuals to make the best possible use of their talents and abilities.
The free choice of profession means that every citizen has the right to take up the profession of his or her choice, regardless of gender, origin or social status. There are no restrictions or discrimination in the choice of profession. Everyone has the opportunity to follow their passions and interests and pursue a career that fulfills them.
This fundamental right also includes the right to vocational training and qualifications. Everyone has the right to further their education in their chosen professional field and to acquire the necessary skills and knowledge. Society should provide equal opportunities and support for vocational training to enable all citizens to achieve their professional goals.
|Right to exercise the profession
|Support in the event of unemployment
|The right to practice the profession includes the freedom to practice the profession according to one’s own ideas and not to impose any disproportionate restrictions.
|The right to state support in the event of unemployment provides citizens with financial support to ensure their livelihood while looking for a job.
|The principle of equal treatment in employment ensures that all people have equal employment opportunities regardless of gender, race or religion.
Job-related training and qualification
Vocational training and qualifications play an important role in practicing the profession in accordance with Article 12 of the German Basic Law (Art 12 GG). This article regulates the right of every person to freely choose and exercise their profession. However, in order to be able to practice a profession successfully, qualified training is of great importance.
Occupational training includes both theoretical and practical content required to acquire the knowledge and skills needed for a specific occupation. There are various ways to complete vocational training. Some professions require formal training, which is regulated by training regulations. This means that certain training content and objectives are defined and are usually completed in a dual training program that includes both theoretical and practical phases.
Other professions may require a university degree, in which the job-related training takes place in the form of lectures, seminars and practical exercises. The choice of suitable training depends on individual interests and abilities. It is important to choose an apprenticeship that matches your career goals and aspirations and makes use of your personal strengths and talents.
|Advantages of job-related training and qualifications
|Qualified training increases the chances of a successful career start and offers better career opportunities.
|Vocational training imparts specific knowledge and practical skills that are essential for practicing a profession.
|People with a qualified education generally have a better chance of finding a stable job.
|Further training opportunities:
|Solid vocational training forms the basis for continuous further development and professional development.
It is important to note that job-related training and qualifications are not only a personal advantage, but also represent a social interest. Well-trained specialists are of great importance to the economy and society as a whole. They contribute to a country’s innovative capacity and competitiveness and can help solve social challenges.
Overall, vocational training and qualifications are an important part of the right to free choice of profession in accordance with Article 12 of the Basic Law. Qualified training enables people to realize their professional goals, offers better career prospects and strengthens the competitiveness of society.
Restrictions on the right to exercise the profession
The right to free choice of occupation is enshrined in Article 12 of the Basic Law (Article 12 GG). This fundamental right guarantees that every German has the right to choose their profession freely. It also protects against unobjective professional licensing and ensures equal treatment in the exercise of the profession. However, there are also restrictions on the right to exercise the profession, which will be examined in more detail in the following article.
In order to protect the common good and guarantee certain qualifications, the legislator can impose restrictions on the exercise of the profession. These restrictions can take the form of entry requirements, professional qualifications or specific regulations for certain professions. For example, certain professions such as doctors or lawyers may require certain qualifications and licenses to ensure that they have the appropriate knowledge and skills to perform their duties properly.
Another aspect is laws and regulations aimed at protecting public health, safety or morals. For example, certain professions may have restrictions on advertising or selling certain products in order to protect consumers. These restrictions serve the common good and are intended to ensure that the exercise of the profession is in line with the interests of society.
|Restrictions on the right to exercise the profession:
|Certain professions may require specific qualifications and licenses to ensure that professionals have the necessary knowledge and skills.
|Regulations for the common good:
|The legislator can enact provisions to protect the common good, such as regulations on product quality or advertising in certain professions.
|Specific requirements for certain professions:
|Some professions require specific requirements due to their nature or their impact on the public, such as medical professionals or nuclear physicists.
It is important that restrictions on the right to exercise the profession are appropriate and proportionate. They should serve to protect the common good and ensure the quality of professional services without introducing unnecessary restrictions that could disproportionately affect the free exercise of the profession.
Protection against improper professional licensing
Article 12 of the Basic Law guarantees the right to free choice of profession. This fundamental right guarantees citizens in Germany the right to determine and exercise their profession themselves. It protects them from arbitrary interference by the state or other persons in their freedom of occupation.
The free choice of profession enables people to choose an occupation that suits their abilities, interests and goals. Every citizen has the right to offer their labor at their own discretion and to conclude contracts with others. This right applies to both dependent employment and self-employment.
To ensure that professional licensing is not carried out in an unobjective or arbitrary manner, there are certain protective mechanisms in Germany. Improper professional licensing refers to cases in which the state or professional associations exclude a person from practicing a particular profession for unjustified reasons.
- One of the most important measures to protect against improper professional licensing is the transparency and traceability of licensing procedures. Professional licensing rules must be clearly defined and published so that anyone interested can see the requirements and procedures.
- Another protective mechanism is that approval procedures should follow objective criteria. Decisions on professional licensing must not be arbitrary or discriminatory, but must be based on objective reasons, such as qualifications, training or experience.
- In addition, citizens have the right to take legal action against unobjective or arbitrary professional licensing decisions. Legal action is available to them to defend their rights to free choice of profession and protection against improper licensing.
Protection against improper admission to the profession is an important part of the fundamental right to free choice of profession in accordance with Article 12 of the German Basic Law. It ensures that professional licensing procedures are transparent, objective and fair. This ensures that every citizen has the opportunity to pursue their desired profession as long as they meet the required qualifications.
|Protective mechanisms against improper professional licensing:
|Transparency and traceability of approval procedures.
|Application of objective criteria when deciding on professional licensing.
|Legal recourse for citizens in the event of unobjective professional licensing decisions.
Right to state support in the event of unemployment
Article 12 of the Basic Law (GG) grants every German citizen the right to freely choose their profession and thus protects the individual choice of profession. This fundamental right is of great importance for the world of work in Germany. It enables people to develop their professional skills and interests and move freely in the labor market.
The right to state support in the event of unemployment is another important aspect of Article 12 of the Basic Law. Unemployment can hit anyone unexpectedly and lead to financial difficulties. In such a situation, the state intervenes and offers various forms of support to secure the livelihood of the unemployed and help them find a new job.
There are different forms of state support for unemployment. The best known is unemployment benefit, which is granted to the unemployed for a certain period of time. This money helps those affected to secure their livelihood and meet financial obligations while they look for a new job. In addition, the state also offers various programs and measures for further vocational training and retraining to help the unemployed reintegrate into the labor market.
|Advantages of state support in the event of unemployment
|Disadvantages of state support in the event of unemployment
Equal treatment in the exercise of the profession
Equal treatment in the exercise of the profession is an important principle enshrined in Article 12 of the German Basic Law (Art. 12 GG). This article guarantees all people in Germany the right to freely pursue the profession of their choice. Care is taken to ensure that there are no unacceptable differences or discrimination based on gender, race, origin, religion or other personal characteristics.
Equal treatment in the exercise of one’s profession means that all employees should have the same opportunities and rights. No one may be disadvantaged or favored on the basis of their personal characteristics. This applies to recruitment and promotion as well as to working conditions and remuneration.
To ensure equal treatment, there are legal provisions such as the General Equal Treatment Act (AGG), which prohibits discrimination in various areas, including professional practice. Employers are obliged not to take any discriminatory measures and to ensure equal opportunities for all employees.
- Everyone has the right to freely pursue the profession of their choice.
- Equal treatment in the exercise of a profession means that no one should be discriminated against or disadvantaged on the basis of personal characteristics.
- Legal provisions such as the General Equal Treatment Act (AGG) protect against discrimination in the exercise of a profession.
|Discrimination against women when it comes to promotion
|Rejection of an application due to skin color
|Preference given to applicants from certain regions
|Discrimination on the basis of religious conviction
Frequently asked questions
What does Article 12 of the Basic Law say?
Article 12 of the Basic Law regulates the right to free choice of profession.
What does free choice of profession mean?
The free choice of profession means that every citizen has the right to choose their profession freely.
What is the importance of job-related training and qualifications?
Vocational training and qualifications play an important role in being able to pursue the chosen profession.
What restrictions are there with regard to the right to exercise the profession?
The right to exercise the profession may be restricted in certain cases, for example for reasons of public safety or order.
How does the Basic Law protect against unobjective professional licensing?
The Basic Law protects against unobjective admission to the profession by prescribing fair and transparent procedures for admission to the profession.
What rights do you have under the Basic Law if you are unemployed?
According to the Basic Law, you have the right to state support in the event of unemployment.
What does the principle of equal treatment in the exercise of the profession mean?
The principle of equal treatment states that all people should be treated equally in the exercise of their profession, regardless of gender, skin color, religion, origin or other characteristics.